The Cadet teams often visit inhospitable planets by donning personal force-field generators rather than traditional spacesuits. These generators are known as life-support badges.
Other technological terms you’ll find on the series: Zolium is an important mineral that powers the Space Academy ("Life Begins at 300"). Technite charges are explosive devices often employed by the cadets on missions ("The Phantom Planet.") And MX-5 is an unstable compound ("No Place Like Home"). Meanwhile The Cryotron is an experimental device, built by Tee Gar, designed to "cool down hot planets." ("Planet of Fire").
The curriculum at the Space Academy includes Astrography ("Space Hookey") but also "live missions" to repair energy distributors on the asteroid BX-3 ("The Cheat), tend to a space farm ("Johnny Sunseed") and mine critical minerals ("Life Begins at 300.”)
About the history of the Space Academy Universe: According to the episode "Countdown," there were at least three "Star Wars" in the distant past, some of which pitted Earth against the humanoid Vegans. A significant battle in "the Vegan Wars" occurred near "Proxima Centauri."
As far as current enemies, The Denebians are a reclusive race who seed their borders with dangerous, and heavily-armed space drones. Crossing into Denebian Territory could spark a war, according to "Space Hookey."
In terms of genre tropes, on Space Academy, the cadets encounter non-corporeal life forms ("The Survivors of Zalon," "Space Hookey"), ghostly guardians of ancient civilizations ("The Phantom Planet"), silicon-based life-forms ("The Rocks of Janus"), and even unfriendly, arrogant cadets ("The Cheat," "Life Begins at 300.")