Thursday, May 31, 2012

Underrated but Great # 2: The X-Files, Season 8 (2000 - 2001)


The Conventional Wisdom:

Many of you are already familiar with the conventional wisdom about The X-Files (1993 – 2002).  This conventional wisdom has been disseminated and repeated across fan hubs and critical review web-sites for many years now.

It goes something like this: After star David Duchovny departed the series as the lead actor, the series went down-hill…fast.  In fact, The X-Files stayed on the air a few years too long, and ended in something resembling disgrace and embarrassment.

Well, the truth is out there…and it’s much more nuanced and intriguing than the conventional wisdom suggests.  First, it’s accurate that during the eighth season of The X-Files, David Duchovny reduced his participation considerably.  He was no longer the star of the program, and he appeared as Mulder in less-than-a-dozen episodes airing that year.  But he wasn’t gone entirely.

His successor in the male lead position was actor Robert Patrick (Terminator 2 [1991], Fire in the Sky [1993]).  On The X-Files, Patrick played John Doggett, an ex-New York police detective who did not boast a familiarity with the paranormal or supernatural, but instead constructed his cases upon the bedrocks of common sense, a finely-tuned moral barometer, and good old-fashioned police work. 

In short, Doggett equaled “dogged.”  He was a superb, tireless agent (as Scully once noted: “above reproach”), and the character and performance provided the series with a welcome injection of fresh blood.  Yes, Doggett was quite different from the beloved Agent Mulder, yet if you speak to many X-Files fans that actively disliked Patrick’s tenure as Doggett, they won’t name either the actor or the character as the source of their upset.

Instead, a series of arguments are raised.  For instance, a few of these critics will suggest that the writing was bad in Season 8, even though episodes were by-and-large penned by the same authors who toiled on earlier seasons of The X-Files and knew their way around the series’ premise and characters.  Their stories in season eight at least deserve a fair hearing.

Some will tell you that the monsters of the week during Season 8 suddenly grew “tasteless,” based on disgusting premises like a vomiting monster (“The Gift”) or a creature that could crawl into the rectum of a grown man (“Badlaa”). 

And yet -- again -- one must wonder why earlier, highly-praised X-Files stories such as “Home” (featuring an amputee and genetic mutants), “F. Emasculata” (concerning a disease with exploding flesh pustules), “Bad Blood” (with extracted human organs dripping blood from a scale during an autopsy) or “The Host” (with a creature hiding in a port-a-potty) did not encounter the same negative response of “tastelessness.”  Throughout its run, The X-Files was persistently and gory, and that’s a good thing in my estimation, especially in a medium (at the time) that favored homogeneity.

Another oft-voiced complaint is that during Season 8, Scully and Doggett ended up striking off on their own too much, and thus ending up in mortal jeopardy without back-up.  Once more, did those folks complaining about this issue ever actually watch the earlier seasons of The X-Files? 

This sort of situation happened all the time to Scully and Mulder.

One potential answer underlying the conventional wisdom is that, at some point, many critics of The X-Files decided, a priori, that a Mulder-less version of the show wasn’t going to be something good, or something in which they could fully invest and actively engage with.

So they erected a series of false premises about the series to reinforce their pre-existing beliefs. 

The Affirmative Case:

So, if the conventional wisdom is wrong, why is Season Eight a strong season and one worthy of praise and The X-Files legacy?

First and foremost, there’s Doggett.

He is the third leading “Chris Carter male” we have encountered, following Fox Mulder and Millennium’s Frank Black (Lance Henriksen).  My wife, a therapist, coined the phrase “The Chris Carter male” because she became intrigued by the writer’s male characters, and their common traits.  She describes the Chris Carter males as “chivalrous and heroic, but unavailable emotionally to the women in their lives.” 

When I interviewed Chris Carter in late 2009, he responded to this psychological classification and noted that it was “dramatically-interesting to him” to write for characters when “it’s what’s withheld that counts, or is that important.”

He went on to say:  “If the character is remote or unable to speak about these things – because it’s series television we’re talking about here – it becomes something that needs to be discovered.  So if you discover these things too quickly, if a person is too emotionally available, it actually takes away from interest in the character.

What's Doggett laughing about with his budz?
With this premise in mind, Carter and the other writers of The X-Files grant Doggett a particularly intriguing arc in Season Eight. He starts out as a dependable but relatively unimaginative by-the-book agent in the premiere “Within/Without.”  In fact, viewers even feel a little suspicious of him starting out because when we first see him  approaching Mulder’s basement office in “Patience,” he is depicted laughing outside the door with colleagues…as if mocking the X-Files.  He’s responding to a joke we don’t get to hear, and so the audience response is suspicion…even paranoia.

Later in the episode, one penned by Chris Carter, a police detective, Abbott (Bradford English) proves downright dismissive of and hostile to Agent Scully (Gillian Anderson). Doggett steps in and whispers something to Abbott to back him off.  Notice that we never hear Doggett’s words, nor see his facial expressions as he speaks to Abbott in this particular scene.  Once more, the implication is that Doggett is not entirely trustworthy.  He may be sympathizing with the misogynistic detective…we don’t know for sure.  Again, the primary feeling with Doggett is one of suspicion, or uncertainty.

After these moments and a few others like them, we slowly warm to Doggett, and his sense of emotional unavailability begins to recede. In later episodes we learn that his marriage failed, and that his son died under tragic and mysterious circumstances (in “Invocation”), but more importantly, we begin to see how he and Scully develop a working relationship.  The distance we feel from him diminishes.  But the important thing is that Doggett as a character earns our trust over a period of episodes.  He is not inside “the circle” (like Skinner is, for instance) instantly.

In some ways, this is a touch very respectful of Mulder, and Mulder’s role on the series.  It would have been terrible, not to mention unbelievable, to have a character jump in and pick up where Mulder – after eight years – left off, emotionally vulnerable with Scully and trusted by Skinner.  Instead, the writers gave us a character that had to find his way both on the job, and with the dedicated fans of the show.

In addition to the new and at times ambiguous presence of Doggett, the eighth season of The X-Files is successful because, by and large, the stories feature interesting “monsters of the week” (soul eaters, Siddhi mystics, microscopic flesh-eating ocean life…), ones often based on myth and folklore.  But the stories are good for more than that reason.  In particular, they establish the new dynamic for the characters and their interactions.

The original and admittedly brilliant X-Files dynamic of Scully/Mulder is best expressed as the comparison of two distinctive and competing world views: science vs. faith/skepticism vs. belief.  Virtually every story in the first six years was filtered through this highly entertaining and cerebral double lens.

In Season Eight -- with a mostly absent Mulder to contend with -- that dynamic could no longer function.  So instead, the episodes of this span largely concerned how Scully had to re-train herself to “see” the world, accommodating Mulder’s genius into her own perspective.  This endeavor not only made Scully grow as a person, it kept Mulder as the “absent center” in Carter’s words, of the drama.

Consider for a moment just how often the episodes in Season Eight involve “sight,” or more specifically, “learning to see.” Here are some examples: 

In “Patience” Scully tries to see the world (and a specific case) as Mulder would see it, but admits she has difficulties making the same leaps of faith. 

In the episode titled “Medusa,” Scully assumes control of a command center on an investigation, and must “see” through Doggett’s eyes in the subway below.  Again, she’s re-learning how to interpret the world and its mysteries. She needs Doggett as her “eyes and ears” to do that.  He needs her, oppositely, calling the shots, because of his inexperience on the X-Files.

In “Via Negativa” a cult leader grows a “third eye” by opening his mind to the path of darkness, and Doggett nearly goes the same way, into a new realm of diabolical sight. 

In “The Gift,” Skinner commends Doggett for seeing a case through Mulder’s eyes…by getting inside the missing agent’s head.  

“Badlaa” involves an Indian mystic who can cloud the sight of normal people, including Scully and Doggett, making them see -- or not see -- what he wishes.  Our very reality is up for grabs, and Scully must make a decision based on what she believes, not what she actually sees. 

Even “Three Words” is about sight in some critical sense. It concerns how Mulder comes to see Doggett, and then how Doggett comes to see himself: as being manipulated by an untrustworthy informant. 

“Alone” is about blindness (another aspect of sight), and about how in the absence of clear sight, trust can substitute for vision.  This lesson comes in relation to competitors Doggett and Mulder, who are trapped by a kind of lizard monster in a dark labyrinth.  His eyes sprayed by venom, Doggett can’t see his nemesis well enough to shoot it.  He must place his trust in Mulder, and Mulder’s words to survive.

The leitmotif of “learning to see” appears in more than a handful of episodes, and grants the eight season an umbrella of unity that draws it together.   

Episode Highlights:

Scully (and the audience), on the outside looking in.
1. “Patience.” Written and directed by Chris Carter.  This is a standalone story (or “monster of the week”) involving a  sort of man-bat (who sees quite differently than human beings, by the way…) seeking vengeance against tormentors from the year 1956. 

But this episode – essentially a second pilot for the series – cunningly sets up the fundamentals of the Scully/Doggett relationship as well as the season’s obsession on sight.  Furthermore, it features a great commentary on what it means to live in fear.  On the latter front, consider Ernie Stefaniuk’s moving monologue about what fear did to his marriage…and to his (now deceased) wife.  For forty-four years the couple lived in virtual isolation on a six mile stretch of land and denied themselves modern conveniences, family contact, and more.  In the post-9/11 age, “Patience” takes on a new meaning given the government’s color-coded exploitation of fear during the last decade.

Chris Carter is a gifted director and he proves it again in “Patience” with the carefully constructed and perfectly framed scene I mentioned above wherein Scully is castigated and treated poorly by Detective Abbott, and Doggett steps in to ameliorate the detective’s concerns. 

A less clever director would have included a frontal shot of Doggett’s explanation or provided audio of his words.  Instead, the moment is left intentionally ambiguous because we never learn exactly what it is he said.  


This makes us wonder if Doggett will be there for Scully when she needs him…


“Patience” is the first standalone episode in the series sans Mulder, and it is therefore the template for the two final seasons, diagramming the fresh terrain of the burgeoning Scully/Doggett relationship and the importance that “learning to see” will play in upcoming episodes. 

Also, “Patience” is a coded-title and a message directly to X-Files fans.  Be patient, and you’ll be rewarded with a new character dynamic that, conceivably, could rival the richness of the original format.

Burks or Siddhi Mystic?
2.”Badlaa.”  By John Shiban. This absolutely go-for-broke episode concerns a Siddhi mystic (Deep Roy) who travels to America inside the rectum of a four-hundred pound businessman. 

Yes, you read that synopsis correctly…

When the vengeful mystic evacuates the rectum, the fat man bleeds out, and we are spared no nauseating detail.  One thoroughly terrifying scene finds the mystic hidden inside a corpse, and as Scully begins her autopsy, we see his tiny hands wriggle their way out of a chest incision.

Doggett or Siddhi Mystic?
The sense of escalating terror generated by this episode is not only visual.  The Siddhi mystic – an amputee -- drags himself from one location to another on a scooter with squeaky wheels, and that ubiquitous squeak quickly emerges a fearsome harbinger of terror.  We come to expect it, and fear it.

But the episode works splendidly not because of the nutso (if inspired) premise, but because it fits into the season’s leitmotif about “learning to see.” Specifically, director Tony Wharmy achieves something extraordinary in terms of visualizing certain crucial moments in the play.  It is established early on that the Siddhi mystic can control how people perceive him, and there are at least two instances in the tale when Scully sees people who are already present on the scene – in long establishing shot – standing in the distance, observing her.

One is Charles Burks (Bill Dow), bracketed inside the door frame at the X-Files FBI office.  Another is Doggett himself, standing pool-side, with strange light reflected on his face.  Neither figure gets a traditional entrance when Scully sees them: they’re already present -- motionless– and the implication is that there is something not quite right about them.

If you go back and watch this episode with a careful eye, be certain to ask yourself at all times, who is Scully actually “perceiving” and receiving information from? Those she knows and trusts, or the mystic himself, carefully insinuating his “sight” into her mind?  It’s a brilliant idea and a visual grace note in a highly disturbing and provocative episode.

Learning to see.
3. “Via Negativa.” By Frank Spotnitz.  This is another brilliant standalone episode. In philosophy, the "via negativa" is an approach to understanding God; a strategy that seeks to define God by enumerating those things God is not. God is not mortal, God is not Evil, and so forth. Sometimes, this unusual approach to comprehending the Divine is also called Negative Theory or The Negative Way. 

The episode "Via Negativa" finds stalwart Doggett investigating the brutal murders of two FBI agents who were staking out an apocalyptic cult. Doggett is investigating this particular X-File alone because a pregnant Scully is away at the hospital. Still new to the X-Files unit, Doggett is uncertain and rudderless. He's no Mulder, and boasts no interest in being Mulder. Leaps of faith don't come easily or naturally to him. Without Scully to ease him in, the "dogged," meat-and-potatoes Doggett is, in a very real sense, vulnerable, to what he learns during this investigation.

Doggett discovers that the members of the apocalyptic cult died horribly and that their still-at-large leader, Anthony Tibbett, is an ex-convict who developed a peculiar brand of evangelical Christian/Hindu philosophy. Tibbett suggests that "the body is but clay...to hold the twin aspects of the human spirit: the light and the darkness." Furthermore, he believes that if his dedicated followers gaze into the path of darkness ("the Via Negativa" of the title), they will see God there.

To help them reach this dimension of darkness, Tibbett administered experimental hallucinogens that would awaken the cult members’ "Third Eye." It is this "Third Eye" -- the Hindu gyananakashi, or "Eye of Knowledge, positioned between hemispheres of the brain -- that can see into the realm of darkness..

Doggett delves deeper and deeper into Tibbett's strange, dark beliefs until the agent himself takes a walk on the Via Negativa during a horrifying dream sequence. The scene is cast in a suffusing blue light, and intermittent fade-outs and pulsating strobes provide a sense of fractured time and  splintered consciousness. This tense, virtually silent scene witnesses a sweaty, desperate Doggett (depicted in extreme close-up) contemplating murder...and the specter of his own internal darkness.

Another scene, in which a vulnerable, confused Doggett confesses to a baffled Skinner (Mitch Pileggi) that he’s uncertain about his own state of consciousness (dreaming or awake...) also serves as Doggett's authentic indoctrination into The X-Files...the horrifying case from "outside" that changes him "inside."

In "Via Negativa" there's a deep underlying fear at work. Doggett has no support system. His walk on "the dark path" is a walk alone (or so we believe, until the denouement) and there's something incredibly unsettling about the brand of evil he faces here. This episode is absolutely terrifying.
A succession earned, not bestowed.

4. “The Gift.”
  This episode by Frank Spotnitz and directed by Kim Manners is another story that focuses on “sight” and how people see things differently.  Agent Doggett investigates one of Mulder’s old cases, and finds evidence that Mulder may have committed murder.  Through enigmatic flashbacks, we see Mulder’s unorthodox work on the case, and the execution of the crime. 

Only in the end do we come to understand that Mulder’s blood-soaked act of murder is actually one of mercy.  And we uncover this revelation not in straight-forward narrative fashion, but through Doggett’s investigation as he follows literally in Mulder’s footsteps, and comes to make a similar choice regarding mercy and decency.  The result, at episode’s end: Doggett – for the briefest of instants – imagines the specter of Mulder in his office, as if a tacit sign of approval of Doggett’s presence there.  He has, finally, earned the right to sit where Mulder once did.

The monster of the week in “The Gift” is a great one too: a “soul eater” who may be summoned to eat the bodies of the sick.  After eating sick people and absorbing their diseases, the soul eater than regurgitates the digested human beings…and they re-form and are resurrected.  Both Mulder and Doggett go through that horrifying process in this episode (another instance of “parallel” footsteps), and yes, the vomiting scenes are nausea provoking.  But regurgitation isn’t the point of the story.  The point is that the soul eater is a tortured creature who cannot die and who must keep healing others…and absorbing their horrible illnesses.  He’s in pain and wants his life to end.

As the episode commences, you think that “the gift” of the title belongs to the soul eater. He is giving those he digests and regurgitates the gift of health. But at episode's end, we learn that Doggett has actually given the monster the greatest gift of all: death. Release.

This is a poetic and lyrical X-Files episode, and one that asks us to see the soul eater differently at different times.  He’s a monster and a terror at first.  But then – as we look into his eyes – we register that if he is a soul eater, his soul too has been eaten by a lifetime of physical suffering.

The truth we now know, and have "learned to see..."
5: “Existence.” Written by Chris Carter and directed by Kim Manners.  In this season finale, a pregnant Scully gives birth to her unusual child, and we learn – at long last – that Mulder is the father.  Shippers will enjoy the Mulder/Scully kiss, but on a more significant note, the episode provides the punch-line to the season-long exploration of "learning to see."  

Before our eyes – for we don’t know how long – Mulder and Scully have been together…romantically. And, now, we suddenly see and understand it all.  It’s a beautiful end to the season, and to this nearly-season long arc.  We’ve traveled a long road believing one thing, or suspecting one thing, and then – in a single scene, and with a single line of dialogue – we finally see “the truth.”  It’s a perfect capper to Season Eight.  In this final installment of the year, the audience learns to see, thus mimicking the odysseys of Scully and Doggett.  How's that for elegant storytelling?


Season Eight could have been one of jarring change and false starts, but instead, The X-Files triumphed with fine storytelling, great performances, scary monsters and a recurring theme.

Other Season Eight high notes: “Roadrunners,” “Medusa,” “Three Words” and “Alone.”

The X-Files Season Eight Trailer

Wednesday, May 30, 2012

Pop Art: Classic Sci-Fi TV Tie-In/Non Star Trek Edition











Collectible of the Week: Flash Gordon Playset (Mego; 1977)




This is another Mego playset from the 1970s for which I harbor deep and abiding love.  In 1977, Mego manufactured a line of toys from Flash Gordon (1936), including four 10-inch action figures (Flash Gordon, Ming the Merciless, Dale Arden and Dr. Zarkov), and this terrific playset/carrying case.

"The world of Mongo comes alive in this double sided playset" the box informed kids.  "One side is Ming's Throne Room complete with Ming's throne."  

"The other side is Dr. Zarkov's secret laboratory with a simulated computer and (3) computer cards."

The set also "fits all Flash Gordon figures (not included.)"

Like the Star Trek, Planet of the Apes and Wizard of Oz playsets, this Flash Gordon playset is  constructed of hard cardboard, surrounded by laminated vinyl, I believe.  The illustrations on this set are really quite beautiful as I hope you can see, and strongly evocative of Alex Raymond's art work.  

The three computer cards included here are double-sided, and feature images of all the characters, plus a city of Mongo, plus a rocket on approach.  They slip down through the top of the computer, into the viewscreen panel. 

You might think that the timing (the mid-1970s) was weird for a Flash Gordon boomlet but I remember in the mid-1970s -- around the time of Star Wars -- finally getting to see the original serial at my local library.  On Friday afternoons, I think, I went to see it, one chapter at a time over a span of weeks.  Also, if I'm not mistaken, some TV stations had begun to play the original Buster Crabbe serials as well.  It was kind of a mini -Flash Gordon fad.  My grandmother from Texas (now deceased), was thrilled to see the serials again because she had loved them as a kid.  It was pretty awesome, actually, that my grandmother, mother and I could all sit down and discuss together Buster Crabbe and Flash Gordon.

Today, I don't own any of the Flash Gordon action figures, alas, which came equipped with plastic swords and cool helmets.  But I do own this wonderful Mego playset and its box, which remain in excellent shape.









Cloned from a Mutual Zygote: Dragon Sidekick Edition


Tuesday, May 29, 2012

Cult Movie Review: The Grey (2012)



At first blush, Joe Carnahan’s The Grey (2012) appears as if it’s going to be an action/survival/horror film that deliberately compares human and animal natures.  That leitmotif is developed well as the alpha males in both a human “tribe” and timber-wolf pack assert their authority over unruly members. 

However, The Grey emerges a full-throated, staggeringly emotional work of art because it transcends even that admirable thematic conceit, and comes to meaningfully grapple with the most important questions regarding our existence and mortality.  

In short, this is an action film obsessed with death, about different viewpoints regarding death, and about the existence (or non-existence) of God and the afterlife.

Dark, introspective and yet hauntingly beautiful and profound, The Grey, in my opinion, is the finest film of 2012…at least at this half-way point.

Who do you love? Let them take you…


The Grey follows the harrowing final journey of John Ottway (Liam Neeson), a man who -- following the death of his wife Ana (Anne Openshaw) -- has all but exiled himself from human civilization.  Ottway now holds twilight jobs at isolated Arctic oil refineries, protecting the roughneck workers there from wolf incursions.  He kills wolves for a living, in other words, and he protects people he doesn’t even like.

Early on, and in voice-over narration, Ottway notes that he lives “like the damned do,” and one lonely evening he nearly commits suicide.  But something inside him -- a steely resolve spurred by the sound of a wolf howl -- inspires him to go on, to keep living.

The very next day, on a crowded plane journey home to Anchorage, a catastrophe unexpectedly occurs.  The plane goes down in swirling snow and ice.  The crash is dramatized by Carnahan in the most anxiety-provoking terms imaginable: Ottway is literally dragged out of a peaceful dream (of his wife) and back into grim, unacceptable reality and the ride of his life.

After surviving the crash, Ottway helps one mortally-wounded survivor, Lewenden (James Badge Dale) achieve a semblance of peace as death slides over him.  “Let it happen,” Ottway urges the dying man with decency, compassion, and understanding.   Here, Carnahan’s camera doesn’t turn away from Lewenden’s last seconds, and we must watch as the man transitions from disbelief and throat-clenching desperation to, finally, peace.  It’s not for the faint of heart, and there’s no ameliorating movie nonsense to make the moment palatable or in any fashion comfortable.

Soon, the remaining survivors are menaced by a new threat: territorial timber wolves.  Ottway fears that the plane crashed near the pack’s den, a fact which could explain their overtly aggressive behavior.  Realizing they can’t stay, the survivors of the plane crash -- carrying the wallets of the dead back to civilization -- set out for a line of trees, hoping to leave the wolves behind.  Meanwhile, Ottway is challenged for dominance in the group by the surly, loud-mouthed Diaz (Frank Grillow).

With the wolves constantly in pursuit, Ottway and his fellow men attempt to survive other natural dangers, including an ice storm, a chasm, and a roaring river.   As the group’s numbers diminish, Ottway confronts his own feelings about death.

Desperate to understand some purpose for his suffering, and for the suffering of his wife, Ottway calls out for God, for a sign:Do something! Do something! You phony prick fraudulent motherfucker. Do something! Come on! Prove it! Fuck faith! Earn it! Show me something real! I need it now. Not later. Now! Show me and I'll believe in you until the day I die. I swear. I'm calling on you. I'm calling on you!...”

“Fate didn't give a fuck. Dead is dead.


In Ingmar Bergman’s The Virgin Spring (1960), a grieving father, Dr. Tore (Max Von Sydow), gazed Heavenward and asked God for some justification of the trials that man goes through in this world.   

Dr. Tore had lost his daughter, Karin, and murdered the herdsmen responsible for her death. “You see it and you allow it!  The innocent child’s death and my revenge, you allowed it! I don’t understand you,” he cried. 

But Tore’s faith in the Lord was validated when a bubbling spring miraculously appeared at the very site where his daughter died.  Dr. Tore asked for the meaning of life, and God answered him in the affirmative.

In The Grey, John Ottway, a man who has lost his wife and witnessed the death of his fellow roughnecks, also asks God for a sign.  By contrast, however, he is rewarded negatively.  He receives not an affirmation, but a horrible punch-line that makes a mockery of his struggle, and of the struggles of all his fellow men. 

This final punch-line -- which involves the particular destination of Ottway’s long trek through the wolf-filled woods -- might be interpreted two ways.  In the first case, Ottway is indeed among the “damned” and so God has meted out a devilish punishment for him and the other sinful “outsiders.” 

Or – and I suspect this is the case – the answer is simply that there is no God. 

Instead, there is only a savage, uncaring universe. The answer to Ottway’s query is that there are only further trials to survive and if he wants to do it, he better get to it…himself.   In other words, life is struggle, and you either survive for the sake of living (because there is no after life…), or you lay back and, in Ottway’s words, let death “slide” over you.

Obviously, something in humanity feverishly resists death, and struggles against it, even though death is inescapable for everyone.  In a very real sense, this idea is what The Grey meaningfully concerns, as each of the roughnecks must reckon with death on a personal and intimate basis.

Accordingly, each of the characters in the film is well-drawn, going well beyond cinematic clichés, and thus the audience gets a strong sense of those who face death.  For instance, one character, named Talget (Dermot Mulroney) recounts a touching story about his young daughter, and how she permits only her daddy to cut her long hair.   No one else can do it.  Upon Talget’s confrontation with death, that imagery is resurrected in an incredibly moving phantasm; a scene that is simultaneously heart-breaking and also tinged with a feeling of acceptance.

When everything comes to an end, when death finally arrives, Talget’s vision is of something positive and beautiful from time spent on this mortal coil.  There is no white light, or tunnel, and no transition to Heaven.  There is only the final blast of memory from this lifetime, right here…of a meaningful love.

Another character, Diaz, starts the film as a dedicated nemesis for Ottway as well as a threat to his position as alpha dog.  But throughout The Grey, Diaz develops into a person audiences can sympathize with.  Near the climax, he gets to a point where he can no longer continue the trek southward, and so he makes a decision about his life; a decision about how and where he wants it to end.  “I just had the clearest thought,” he declares with a sense of peace.  “I’m done.”

The decision Diaz makes while looking out across a gorgeous northern landscape is not based on weakness, but upon strength….and grace.  We can’t control the fact that we will, eventually, die.  But we can control, to some extent, how we face death.


The Grey sets up a very interesting and tension-filled dynamic regarding death, and about knowing when to hold on and when it is time to surrender.  For example, the characters all hold onto their humanity by carrying with them on their trek the wallets of the dead.  The wallets are filled with photographs of loved ones.  These photos are reminders of identity and also reminders that the dead once existed and walked this earth.  Eventually, however, these keepsakes of another life must be put down, because the wild is not a place of civilization, and the wallets are an indication of false hope, of a destination that will never be reached.  The rapacious wolves carry no keepsakes of the dead, by contrast.

At the center of The Grey -- holding it all together with his special brand of melancholy ferocity and intelligence -- is Liam Neeson. He’s no stranger to tragedy, and his performance here represents something of a career zenith.  Ottway is a man haunted by the death of his wife, drawn to death like a moth to the flame, and yet who – moment after moment – rages against death’s inevitability.  He just won’t stop fighting…even if the universe seems to be playing that cruel joke upon him.  Neeson must reckon with his character’s cunning, anger, regret, and also with the absurdity and inherent meaninglessness of Ottway’s situation.  Ottway is the film’s gravity pool, the thing which everyone and everything else must orbit, and Neeson gives a commanding, heartfelt performance.

In examining Ottway’s belief and situations, The Grey, in some crucial ways, feels like a character piece.  It transcends expectations and emerges as the horror genre’s The Tree of Life (2011).  We are asked to examine how Ottway got here.  What, simply, does his personal journey mean? 

To help us understand, we witness in flashback Ottway as a young boy with his (now dead) father, reading a poem about life…and death.  We see flashbacks of Ottway with his dying wife, as she implores him to be unafraid. Through it all, we get the sense of a life that boasts a shape, a direction, and a purpose, but that all these elements are ambiguous and outside our capacity to understand

Is Ottway damned? Is he saved? Is he just one incredibly unlucky bastard

In reckoning with Ottway and his life, we are forced to gaze at our own lives and weigh meaning. Or, perhaps, craft our own meaning from it.  And yes, this tactic represents the pinnacle of what a good horror film can achieve. The Grey holds up a mirror and makes us wonder: what would you do?  How would you react?

When the wolves finally come to carry us away to oblivion, will we face that final moment with acceptance, delusion, or with resistance?  The Grey explores almost every variation of death’s coming, almost as if offering helpful examples.  We witness characters face fate with grace, like Diaz.  We see them face death in delusion (like Burke, who dies of hypoxia).  We see them die with sad acceptance, like Talget.  And then there’s this kind of willful, almost instinctive ferocity in Ottway.

In some senses, Ottway’s resistance to death grows from that poem he knew and internalized as a child, which goes: “Once more into the fray/Into the last good fight I’ll ever know/Live and die on this day.”  His very ethos seems encoded there, in that mantra.  He lives life moment by moment because “you want that next minute more than the last.”  That’s “what makes life fighting for,” the acknowledgment that life here is all there is.

Again, I interpret this as a strongly existentialist, nihilistic argument.  Why doesn’t Ottway let the wolves or the environment take him, even with his wife beckoning him so warmly in his dreams? 

Because Ottway understands that when he dies nothing but oblivion shall follow.  As much as he is tortured by his wife’s death, he knows that she lives on only in his memory.  If he dies, then they are both dead to the world, gone and forgotten.  Choosing to live and fight on is thus a way – the only way -- of keeping her memory alive.  His passage into oblivion won’t permit that outcome.  And so Ottway holds on, in some cases beyond reason, and certainly beyond the endurance of most men.

When Ottway tells the dying to let those they love "take them," he is not acknowledging an after-life with pearly gates, angels and harps, and that's an important distinction. He is asking them to reflect upon their loved ones in their final moments, and go out of this world and into the dark of annihilation thinking of that love.  Because that love is the most important aspect of the human experience.  The connections we make here are what matter, not fantasies of an eternal, paradise-like after-life.


The Grey is a beautiful, thought-provoking film, and one that also happens to feature some incredibly intense, incredibly graphic violence.  But unlike Shark Night, for example, the violence here truly matters because Carnahan and writer Ian MacKenzie Jeffers are able to distinguish the “damned” roughnecks in ways that matter, and affect us as viewers.  These guys are rough and tumble, yes, but they are also fathers trying to eke out a living for their families.  They are also brothers and sons, and some of them just don’t want to die without getting to have sex one more time.  These men may not matter to society at large, but they matter to us because of our common humanity.

The Grey might be considered a man against nature film, but the wolves, in some way, are mere symbols that help John Ottway reckon with the meaning of life.  They are voracious, monstrous representations for impending death: the big bad wolf on your heels.  In the cold of the Arctic -- with all the trappings of society absent -- this is a story of what life on Earth is truly about.  Haunting, brutal and emotionally rich, The Grey transcends genre and speaks directly to the questions that matter most to human beings.

Am I going to live or die today? 

And when death comes for me, how will I face it?

Movie Trailer: The Grey (2012)

Theme Song of the Week: Star Maidens (1975)

Monday, May 28, 2012

Cult-TV Watch: Robby the Robot


What a hunk…of metal.

Robby the Robot is not merely a movie star, he’s a Hollywood icon.  For a generation of film-goers and cult-tv watchers, Robby personifies the very term “robot.”  Designed in the mid-1950s by MGM’s prop department, Robby stands an imposing seven feet tall, and has had a diverse and notable acting career, one that many carbon-based life-forms would certainly envy.

After making a big splash on the silver screen in Forbidden Planet (1956) and The Invisible Boy (1957), Robby moved to golden age television, appearing in a variety of villainous and heroic roles.  Two of his most memorable villainous turn came in The Twilight Zone’s “Uncle Simon” and the first season Lost in Space episode “The War of the Robots.”  The latter pitted him – as the evil “Robotoid” -- against the Robinsons’ beloved and bubble-headed B9.


Throughout the decades, Robby also guest-starred on a number of genre sitcoms, including The Addams Family (“Lurch’s Little Helper”) and Mork and Mindy (“Dr. Morkenstein.”)  On one memorable occasion, the loquacious machine even matched wits – or logic circuits – with Columbo (Peter Falk).  Robby thus demonstrated quite a range as a mechanical performer.

If Robby the Robot has any foible as an actor, it’s likely vanity.  Over the years, he’s had more face lifts than Joan Rivers.  Robby sported a new, cylindrical face in “Uncle Simon,” and adopted a smaller, more sleek-looking cyclopean dome for Space Academy (1977) and Project UFO (1978).  But no matter his guise, Robby always looked sharp and sleek, wearing a bow-tie (on The Love Boat’s “Programmed for Love”) or, in the spirit of Milton Berle going “drag”  as Mildred the Robot on The Banana Splits Adventure Hour (1970).

Over the years, Robby has shown he can replace the average human worker (The Twilight Zone’s “Brain Center at Whipples”), host a science fiction convention (Wonder Woman: “Spaced Out”) and much, much more.

A true cult-television classic, Robby has also appeared in several notable TV commercials, some of which you can find below.












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The Cult-TV Faces of: Robby the Robot

Identified by Chadillac: The Twilight Zone: "Uncle Simon"

Identified by EntropyManor: The Twilight Zone: "Brain Center at Whipple's."

Identified by Hugh: The Addams Family: "Lurch's Little Helper."

Identified by jay-jay: Lost in Space: "The War of the Robots."

Identified by Hugh: The Banana Splits.

Identified by Hugh: Columbo.

Identified by Ken Scott: Ark II: "The Robot."

Identified by SGB: Space Academy: "My Favorite Marcia."

Identified by jay-jay: The Love Boat: "Programmed for Love."

Identified by Ken Scott: Project UFO: "Sighting 4010: The Waterford Incident."

Identified by Hugh: Wonder Woman: "Spaced Out."

Identified by Hugh: Mork and Mindy: "Dr. Morkenstein."

20 Years Ago: Sleepy Hollow (1999)

After the box office disappointment and mixed critical notices of  Mars Attacks!  (1996), director Tim Burton returned to theaters in...